Table 5.

Children's Intakes of Energy and Nutrients: Mean and SD of the Sample Split by the Number of Meals Television is Usually On

Nutrient0TV and 1TV
(n = 50)
(Mean ± SD)
2TV and 3TV
(n = 41)
(Mean ± SD)
Energy (Mj)8.37 ± 2.318.56 ± 1.85
Carbohydrate (% energy)56.6 ± 6.853.7 ± 5*
Total fat (% energy)31.3 ± 532.9 ± 4
Saturated fat (% energy)11.5 ± 2.812.5 ± 2.4
Cholesterol (mg)217.7 ± 119.5213 ± 75.3
Sodium (mg)3041.1 ± 1031.23168.5 ± 739.6
Caffeine (mg)12.4 ± 1524.7 ± 24**
Calcium (mg)919.9 ± 444921.3 ± 330
Iron (mg)14.4 ± 713.6 ± 3
Vitamin A (μg RE)948.8 ± 630810.2 ± 417
Vitamin C (mg)109.7 ± 6094.5 ± 49
Folate (μg)258.2 ± 152238.9 ± 91
Fiber (g)15.1 ± 514.1 ± 4
  • SD indicates standard deviation.

  • * P ≤ .05;

  • ** P ≤ .01. Asterisks refer to significance of differences between sample means based on independent sample t test.

  • Means and SDs of children from families in which the television is usually off during meals plus children from families in which the television is usually on during one meal only (n = 50).

  • Means and SDs of children from families in which the television is usually on during 2 meals plus children from families in which the television is usually on during 3 meals (n = 41).