Table 4.

Children's Consumption of Food Groups: Mean and SD of the Sample Split by the Number of Meals Television is Usually On

Food Group (#)§Consumption Frequency/DayPercent of Total Daily Energy
0TV and 1TV
(n = 50)
(Mean ± SD)
2TV and 3TV
(n = 41)
(Mean ± SD)
0TV and 1TV
(n = 50)
(Mean ± SD)
2TV and 3TV
(n = 41)
(Mean ± SD)
Grain (91)2.19 ± .92.06 ± .719.0 ± 10.216.2 ± 6.7
Fruit (83)1.32 ± .81.02 ± .65.3 ± 4.43.7 ± 3.5
Vegetable (80).95 ± .6.66 ± .5*2.1 ± 2.31.4 ± 1.7
Potatoes (61).40 ± .3.39 ± .33.0 ± 4.03.3 ± 4.4
Beans and nuts (47).35 ± .4.22 ± .23.6 ± 5.82.0 ± 3.2
Red meat (71).40 ± .43.80 ± .474-1655.1 ± 7.010.2 ± 9.1**
Processed meat (59).37 ± .4.52 ± .44.0 ± 4.95.5 ± 5.9
Chicken, eggs, and fish (77).78 ± .6.65 ± .58.7 ± 7.38.1 ± 7.1
Milk (88)1.29 ± .71.43 ± .86.4 ± 4.88.5 ± 6.4
Other dairy (78).98 ± .6.78 ± .79.1 ± 6.96.2 ± 6.4*
Added fats (74).94 ± .9.68 ± .52.9 ± 3.62.2 ± 2.5
Pizza and snack (71).54 ± .4.71 ± .55.8 ± 6.58.6 ± 7.9
Sweets (90)2.06 ± 1.01.76 ± .714.3 ± 8.413.4 ± 7.6
Juice and juice drinks (79)1.13 ± .7.91 ± .76.9 ± 6.14.6 ± 4.3*
Sodas (68).50 ± .5.91 ± .7**1.8 ± 2.84.1 ± 4.0**
Combined Food Group (#)0TV and 1TV2TV and 3TV0TV and 1TV2TV and 3TV
Fruit, vegetables, juice and juice drinks (91)3.40 ± 1.32.59 ± 1.1**14.4 ± 6.99.7 ± 5.24-165
All meat (red meat, processed meat,
chicken, egg, and fish) (88)
1.56 ± .91.98 ± .6*17.8 ± 10.723.8 ± 10.0**
Pizza and snacks, and soda (82)1.04 ± .71.63 ± .9**7.7 ± 6.812.8 ± 9.2**
  • SD indicates standard deviation.

  • * P ≤ .05;

  • ** P ≤ .01;

  • F4-165 P ≤ .001. Asterisks refer to significance of differences between sample means based on independent samplet test.

  • The average number of times per day children ate food from that food group, averaged over 3 days.

  • The average percentage of total daily energy intake contributed by that food group, averaged over 3 days.

  • § Numbers in parentheses are the number of children of the total sample (n = 91) who ate food from that food group at least once in 3 days.

  • Means and SDs of children from families in which the television is usually off during meals plus children from families in which the television is usually on during one meal only (n = 50).

  • Means and SDs of children from families in which the television is usually on during 2 meals plus children from families in which the television is usually on during 3 meals (n = 41).