Table 1.

Five Leading Causes of Death for Persons 0 to 24 Years of Age in the United States, 1997

Ranking of Cause of Death0 to 1 Years of Age
Rate: 7.1 in 1000
1 to 4 Years of Age
Rate: 3.8 in 10 000
5 to 9 Years of Age
Rate: 1.8 in 10 000
10 to 14 Years
of Age
Rate: 2.3 in 10 000
15 to 19 Years
of Age
Rate: 7.3 in 10 000
1Congenital anomaliesUnintentional injuryUnintentional injuryUnintentional injuryUnintentional injury
2Short gestation and low birth weightCongenital anomaliesMalignant neoplasmsMalignant neoplasmsHomicide
3Sudden infant death syndromeMalignant neoplasmsCongenital anomaliesSuicideSuicide
4Respiratory distress syndromeHomicideHomicideHomicideMalignant neoplasms
5Newborn affected by maternal complications of birthHeart diseaseHeart diseaseCongenital anomaliesHeart disease
  • Source: Guyer B, MacDorman MF, Martin JA, Peters KD, Strobino DM. Annual summary of vital statistics—1997. Pediatrics. 1998;102:1333–1349.