Table 7.

School Performance by Study Group at Age 8

Performance VariableFT
n = 35
HPT
n = 28
SPT
n = 52
NPT
n = 31
SGA
n = 28
Retention in grade01 (4)2 (4)1 (3)0
Special education2 (6)4 (14)8 (15)21 (68)1 (3)
Academic resources*2 (6)7 (25)10 (19)21 (68)3 (11)
Learning diagnosis**5 (14)6 (21)14 (27)16 (52)8 (28)
  • Subjects with a diagnosis of ADHD were removed from this analysis.

  • * χ2 = 26.6, P = .009;

  • ** χ2 = 34.97, P = .02