Table 3.

Percentage of Mothers and Children in Each Weight Category by Maternal Education Level

Mothers,Maternal Education Level*
Low
n = 246
High
n = 292
Total
n = 538
Underweight (BMI < 18.5)233
Normal (18.5 ≤ BMI < 25)455551
Overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30)202422
Obese (BMI ≥ 30)321824
Children§n = 278n = 340n = 618
Underweight (WHP < 10th)555
Low-normal weight
(10th ≤ WHP < 50th)
254033
High-normal weight
(50th ≤ WHP < 90th)
514245
Overweight (WHP ≥ 90th)201416
  • WHP indicates weight-for-height percentile.

  • * Low education (high school or less) and high education (some education beyond high school).

  • Pregnant mothers were excluded from this analysis.

  • P = .001 for overall comparison of the proportion of mothers in each weight category by education level, χ2 analysis.

  • § P = .001 for overall comparison of the proportion of children in each weight category by maternal education level, χ2 analysis.