Table 1.

Demographic Characteristics

Antenatal CS
n = 78
No antenatal CS
n = 76
Gestational age, wk* 29.4 (1.9)29.3 (2.0)
Birth weight, g* 1174 (216)1201 (211)
Birth weight zscore* −.72 (1.03)−.57 (.99)
Days of assisted ventilation 0 (0–5)1.5 (0–5)
Days of assisted oxygen therapy 3.5 (0–9.5)7 (1–26)
Male, % (n)50.0% (34)55.3% (42)
CVH, % (n)24.7% (19/77)28.0% (21/75)
BPD, % (n)10.3% (8)15.8% (12)
Assessed at 14 y of age, % (n)88.5% (69)80.3% (61)
Higher social class, %
(nassessed)
56.5% (39)54.1% (33)
Mother's schooling <10 y, %
(nassessed)
34.8% (24)19.5% (18)
Midparental height,z score* −.34 (77)−.40 (.91)
Smoke exposure, %
(n assessed)
56.5% (39)41.0% (25)
Asthma at 14 y of age, %
(nassessed)
20.6% (14/68)18.3% (11/60)
Males, nassessed3434
 Testicular volume, right  (mL)* 19.5 (6.4)18.9 (5.8)
 Testicular volume, left
 (mL)*
19.4 (6.7)18.9 (5.6)
Female, nassessed3527
 Menarche, %
 (n females assessed)
88.6% (31)96.3% (26)
 Breast stage 3+, %
 (n females assessed)
91.4% (32)100.0% (27)
  • CS indicates corticosteroids.

  • * Mean (SD).

  • Median (interquartile range).

  • Statistically significant difference between groups.