Table 2.

Covariates Included in Model Ranking Hospitals by Mortality

OROdds of Death
95% CI
PValue
Age<1 y2.321.66,3.25<.001
SocioeconomicNeighborhood affluence*.88.80,.98.022
ProcedureAortic valve replacement1.96.78,4.93NS
Arterial switch (infant)1.25.74,2.10NS
Atrial septal defect.28.12,.68.005
Atrial switch1.39.47,4.15NS
Cavopulmonary shunt2.311.29,4.12.005
Endocardial cushion defect1.31.76,2.26NS
Fontan5.873.43,10.05<.001
Mitral valve replacement3.211.42,7.26.005
Norwood for HLHS10.636.21,18.20<.001
Open valvuloplasty1.03.54,1.96NS
RV-to-PA conduit4.031.75,9.25.001
Tetralogy of Fallot1.47.88,2.45NS
TAPVR1.981.15,3.39.014
Transplant2.201.06,4.59.035
Truncus arteriosus1.70.70,4.12NS
Ventricular septal defect1.00
UrgencyUrgent/inborn3.122.28,4.27<.001
ComorbiditiesPrematurity2.701.35,5.40<.001
  • HLHS indicates Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome; RV-to-PA, right ventricular-to-pulmonary artery; TAPVR, total anomalous pulmonary venous return.

  • * Median family income for patient residential zip code, effect per $10 000.