Table 1.

Demographic Characteristics of Mothers in Randomized Trial of Home Versus Clinic Visits After Early Postpartum Discharge, Kaiser Permanente, Sacramento, 1996–1997

Mothers Assigned to:P*
Home Visit
n = 580
Clinic Visit
n = 583
Characteristic
 Age (y), mean ± SD27.9 ± 6.2 27.8 ± 5.9 .84
No. (%)
 Race/ethnicity.12
  White365 (62.9)343 (58.8)
  Hispanic78 (13.4)67 (11.5)
  Black31 (5.3)52 (8.9)
  American Indian or Alaskan0 (.0)2 (.3)
  Asian or Pacific Islander34 (5.9)38 (6.5)
  Multicultural white57 (9.8)70 (12.0)
  Multicultural non-white15 (2.6)11 (1.9)
Characteristic
 Education.05
  Less than high school degree51 (8.8)34 (5.8)
  High school degree or more529 (91.2)549 (94.2)
 Household income.08
  At poverty level or below33 (5.9)47 (8.4)
  At 101%–200% of federal poverty level129 (23.0)105 (18.9)
  Above 200% of federal poverty level398 (71.1)404 (72.7)
 Previous children.99
  0226 (39.0)229 (39.3)
  1203 (35.0)203 (34.8)
  2 or more151 (26.0)151 (25.9)
 Had previous breastfeeding experience311 (53.9)301 (52.0).51
 Initiated prenatal care in first trimester516 (89.4)538 (92.9).03
Characteristic
 Maternal postpartum hospital stay (h), mean ± SD29.6 ± 9.8 29.3 ± 9.5 .58
 Newborn postpartum hospital stay (h), mean ± SD29.9 ± 10.829.4 ± 10.3.46
  • * P values are from χ2 test for categorical variables and the Student's t test for continuous variables.