Table 3.

Estimates of the Magnitude of Type 2 Diabetes in North American Children

YearsRace/EthnicityAge (Years)Estimates
Study types
 Population-based studiesPrevalence per 1,000
  Arizona1992–1996Pima Indians10 –1422.3
15 –1950.9
  Manitoba1996–1997First Nations10 –1936.0 in girls
  NHANES III, all U.S.1988–1994Whites, African-Americans, Mexican Americans12 –19 4.1*
 Clinic-based studies
  Indian Health Services
  (all U.S.)
1996American Indians0 –14 1.3*
15 –19 4.5*
  Manitoba1998First Nations5 –14 1.0
15 –19 2.3
 Clinic-based studiesIncidence per 100,000/year
  Cincinnati, OH1994Whites, African-Americans10 –19 7.2
 Case seriesPercentage of type 2 diabetes among new cases of diabetes
  Cincinnati, OH1994Whites, African-Americans0 –1916 
10 –1933 
  Charleston, SC1997Blacks0 –1946
  San Diego, CA1993–1994Whites, African-Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans0 –168 
  San Antonio, TX1990–1997Hispanics, Whites18 
  Ventura, CA1990–1994Hispanics0 –1745 
  • * Estimates include type 1 and 2 diabetes;

  • percentage of type 2 diabetes among nonincident cases of diabetes. Adapted from A. Fagot-Campagna, D. J. Pettitt, M. M. Engelgau, N. R. Burrows, L. S. Geiss, R. Valdez, G. Beckles, J. Saaddine, E. W. Gregg, D. F. Williamson, K. M. Venkat Narayan, J Pediatrics. In press.