Table 3.

Results of Hierarchical Regression*

Dependent Variables/
Independent Variables
r2βPdfFP
Behavior
 Gender§.04−.21<.0011, 36616.95<.001
 White§.07−.16<.012, 36513.93<.001
 Expectancy.38.59<.0013, 36477.18<.001
 Predrinking behavior.42.22<.0014, 36367.45<.001
 Watch night talk (TV).43.12<.015, 36256.74<.001
 Realism.44−.10<.056, 36148.86<.001
Predrinking
 Gender.07−.26<.0011, 41230.19<.001
 Latino§.10.20<.0012, 41124.62<.001
 Grade.11−.12<.053, 41018.58<.001
 Asian.12.12<.054, 40915.68<.001
 Expectancy.25.37<.0015, 40828.70<.001
 Watch sport (TV).28.17<.0016, 40726.73<.001
 Watch night talk (TV).29.10<.057, 40623.94<.001
Expectancies
 Gender.04−.21<.0011, 41218.27<.001
 White.06−.15<.012, 41114.12<.001
 Similarity.18.34<.0013, 41029.36<.001
 Identification.25.26<.0014, 40933.29<.001
 Negative mediation.28−.18<.0015, 40831.18<.001
 Positive mediation.29.12<.056, 40727.23<.001
 Desirability.30.10<.057, 40624.36<.001
Identification
 Grade.01−.13<.011, 4126.86<.01
 Black.02−.10<.052, 4115.39<.05
 Realism.10.29<.0013, 41016.49<.001
 Desirability.15.21<.0014, 40918.25<.001
 Positive mediation.16.15<.0015, 40817.11<.001
 Watch music video.18.13<.016, 40715.64<.001
 Watch news (TV).18−.09<.057, 40614.14<.001
 Watch night talk (TV).19.10<.058, 40512.97<.001
Similarity
 Gender.02.14<.011, 4158.17<.01
 Parents' education.03−.10<.052, 4146.38<.01
 Realism.05.17<.013, 4138.46<.001
 Watch night talk (TV).07.14<.014, 4128.55<.001
Realism
 White.05−.22<.0011, 44022.82<.001
 Grade.06−.13<.012, 43915.80<.001
 Positive mediation.11.22<.0013, 43819.31<.001
 Watch music video (TV).12.11<.054, 43715.83<.001
Desirability
 Gender.03−.17<.0011, 44813.79<.001
 White.04.11<.052, 4479.95<.001
 Watch music video (TV).05−.12<.014, 4469.03<.001
  • * Control variables (gender, grade, and ethnicity [white/Latino]) are entered first using the stepwise procedure; thus, they enter the equation only when they are significant.

  • Higher number indicates higher, more frequent or positive.

  • Standardized βs reported from the block of entry. Independent variables entered using the stepwise procedure following the block of control variables.

  • § Gender (male = 1; female = 2); white (white = 1); Non-white = 0); Latino (Latino = 1; Non-Latino = 0).