Table 3.

Differences in Sleep Characteristics in HIV-Infected and -Noninfected Children*

HIV-Infected
(n = 18)
Noninfected
(n = 15)
P Value
Parent report
 Total sleep (hours)8.18  ± 0.469.44  ± 0.19.01
 Problems sleeping 6 (33%) 1 (6%) .05
 Wakes up during night 8 (44%) 1 (6%) .006
 Nightmares 5 (27%) 0 (0)  .02
 Naps 7 (39%) 2 (13%).07
Child diary
 Napped during study period 8 (44%) 5 (33%).43
 Problems falling asleep10 (56%) 6 (40%).29
 Problems sleeping 5 (27%) 1 (6%) .10
 Awoke during night15 (83%) 8 (53%).60
 Morning tiredness (0–4)1.71  ± 0.241.53  ± 0.22.60
 Evening tiredness (0–4)2.47  ± 0.271.80  ± 0.24.08
Actigraph (mean + SD)
 Total sleep (h)9.21  ± 0.328.28  ± 0.40.08
 Sleep onset (min)23.68  ± 3.9919.31  ± 3.63.42
 Number of awakenings25.33  ± 2.2916.71  ± 2.18.01
 Length of time awake (min)3.01  ± 0.372.05  ± 0.22.03
 Sleep efficiency (%)81.10  ± 1.8588.41  ± 1.72.008
 Wake after sleep onset (%)13.55  ± 1.807.47  ± 1.61.02
  • * Values reported as mean ± standard error of the mean or frequency (%).