Table 2.

Use of Health Care Services by 54 HIV-infected Children Compared With 347 Uninfected Children, the Mother-to-Child HIV-1 Transmission Study, Kigali, Rwanda, 1988–1994

Type of CareProbability of Contact*
(95% CI)
HR (Cox)
(95% CI)
Recurrence Rate/100
Child-Quarters
RR
(95% CI)
InfectedUninfectedInfectedUninfected
Outpatient clinic0.99 (0.94–1.0)1.0 (0.98–1.0)0.8 (0.6–1.1)124.784.71.5 (1.4–1.6)
Hospital ward0.8 (0.7–0.9)0.6 (0.4–0.8)2.8 (1.9–3.9)16.54.83.5 (2.7–4.5)
Medical injections0.9 (0.8–0.9)1.0 (0.9–1.0)2.5 (1.8–3.4)260.2100.92.6 (2.4–2.7)
  • * Kaplan-Meier estimation of the proportion of children using at least once each type of health care services during the first 5 years of life.

  • Ratio of recurrence rates (infected/noninfected).