Table 1.

Characteristics on Study Entry

Standard Treatment
(n = 231)
Intervention Group
(n = 248)
P
Value
Clinical data on presentation
 Age, mo (SD)19.4 (13.9)18.5 (13.8).49
 No. male132/231 (57%)152/248 (61%).36
 Days of diarrhea (SD)3.2 (1.7)3.1 (1.7).51
 Stools in previous 24 h (SD)6.2 (3.3)6.4 (3.5).42
 Vomiting116/226 (51%)136/247 (55%).42
 Breastfed 23/230 (10%) 22/247 (9%) .92
 Used ORS before visit*  94/231 (41%)101/248 (41%).96
Demographic data
 Parent age (SD)32.8 (6.1)32.2 (5.8).34
 Employed outside home140/225 (62%)168/245 (69%).15
 No. children at home (SD)1.8 (1.0)1.8 (1.2).92
Race (n) n = 227 n = 243.41
 Alaskan Native 4 1
 Asian1512
 African-American3044
 Hispanic2936
 White136 138 
 Other1312
 Subjects attending day care center or preschool 37/229 (16%) 50/246 (20%).24
 Parents with college degree or higher117/226 (52%)117/240 (49%).51
 Median income for ZIP code (SD)$38 698 (10,384)$38 958 (10,513).80
Clinician assessment
 Normal hydration177/222 (80%)189/241 (78%).73
 No other concurrent illness156/224 (70%)148/240 (62%).07
 No specific follow-up recommended180/223 (81%)182/238 (76%).27
 Recommended ORS use159/171 (93%)204/209 (98%).002
  • * ORS was defined as any commercially available oral electrolyte solution designed for fluid replacement in acute diarrhea.