Table 1.

Comparative Features of Study Infants, by Time of Initiation of Breastfeeding

FeatureInitiation of Breastfeeding*
Early
(n = 151)
Late
(n = 47)
Infant
 Male70 (46%)25 (53%)
 Born in hospital or clinic30 (20%)6 (13%)
Mother
 Educated 15 (10%)1 (2%)
 Age (y) 24.4 ± 6.3§ 24.4 ± 5.5
 Had previous live birth125 (83%)38 (81%)
 Had previous infant death 23 (18%)5 (13%)
Household
 No. of residents 12.7 ± 5.6 12.8 ± 6.0
 Residents per room# 5.1 ± 2.7 4.9 ± 2.2
 Electricity provided130 (86%)42 (89%)
 Sanitary latrine** 81 (54%)18 (38%)
 Municipal water supply138 (91%)42 (89%)
 Ownership of
  Television70 (46%)16 (34%)
  Radio83 (55%)24 (51%)
  Washing machine35 (23%)6 (13%)
  • * Early initiation is defined as initiation in the first 3 days of life; late initiation is defined as initiation after the first 3 days of life.

  • Education is defined as receipt of any formal schooling.

  • Age at the time of enrollment of the infant.

  • § Mean ± SD.

  • Denominators for percentages were mothers with previous live births.

  • The large number of residents reflected the fact that most households consisted of several related families.

  • # Calculated as the number of residents divided by the number of rooms used for sleeping.

  • ** Defined as a toilet or latrine connected to municipal sewage system or to a sealed pit.