Table 2.

Twelve Desirable Attributes for Computer-based Patient Records (Adapted from the Institute of Medicine's Task Force on Computer-based Records)1

A CPR should:
 • Contain problem lists
 • Support recording health status and functional level
 • State the logical basis for all diagnoses and conclusions
 • Be able to be linked to other clinical patient records
 • Address comprehensively patient information confidentiality
 • Be accessible in a timely manner by all who have authorized access
 • Allow selective retrieval and formatting of information by users
 • Be linked to local and remote knowledge, literature, and administrative databases
 • Provide decision analysis tools, clinical reminders, and prognostic risk assessment
 • Use a defined vocabulary and support structured data
 • Help providers and institutions manage and evaluate quality and costs
 • Be flexible and expandable to meet future needs