Table 6.

Findings In Infants With An Abnormal Neurologic Outcome

No.DiagnosisaEEGEEGMRIOSGQNeurologic Examination at
18–24 Months
1Cerebral
infarction
Seizures with normal voltageLeft slow-wave and epileptiform patternLeft parietal and temporal lobe infarction; focal hemorrhage in right mesencephalon; extensive extra cerebral hemorrhage19101Hemiplegia
2AsphyxiaSeizures with normal voltageIrritative potentialsLeft intraventricular hemorrhage, abnormal signal in basal ganglia and internal capsule11 69Developmental delay, poor head control, hypotonia
3AsphyxiaModerately abnormal voltageMultifocal epileptiform pattern, slow wavesAbnormal signal right posterior horn, hemorrhage in left sylvian fissure17 65Global developmental delay, (started to take few independent steps at age of 2 years), says few words only
4AsphyxiaModerately abnormal voltageIntermittent multifocal epileptiform patternAbnormal signal in lentiform nucleus; absent myelin in internal capsule; low signal in white matter9Not able to be
tested
Severe quadriplegia, truncal hypotonia
5AsphyxiaSeizures with moderately abnormal voltageAsymmetric; low activity posteriorlyMinimal brain swelling; subtle changes in white matter18Not able to be
tested
Severe developmental delay, visual and auditory impairment, seizures
6AsphyxiaSeizures with moderately abnormal voltageBurst suppressionAbnormal signal in white matter, basal ganglia, and thalami7Not able to be
tested
Severe developmental delay, seizures, dystonia, visual impairment
7UnknownSeizures with moderately abnormal voltageSuppression; multifocal epileptiform patternNonspecific changes in white matter12Not able to be
tested
Severe global developmental delay
8AsphyxiaSeizures with burst suppressionFrequent multifocal epileptiform patternAbnormal signal in white matter, basal ganglia and thalami7Not able to be
tested
Severe global developmental delay. Marked extensor spasm, marked dystonia, poor visual attention, good auditory response
9AsphyxiaSeizures with burst suppressionBurst suppressionAbnormal signal in white matter and basal ganglia8Not able to be
tested
Severe global developmental delay, quadriplegia, squint, feeding difficulties
10AsphyxiaSeizures with burst suppressionBurst suppressionAbnormal signal in basal ganglia7Not able to be
tested
Spastic quadriplegia, visual and auditory impairment, feeding difficulties
11AsphyxiaBurst suppression; became normal
after 12 h
Normal at 2 dAbnormal signal in posterior lentiform nucleus and lateral thalamic region; reduced myelin in internal capsule; focal abnormal signal in basal ganglia16 80Moderate developmental delay
12AsphyxiaNormal at 14 h; seizures and moderately abnormal voltage
at 7 d
Normal at 14 hMild cerebral edema 16 92Hemiplegia