Appendix 1D

Factors Influencing Infant and Toddler Development

Providers have the knowledge and skills toBest Practice Documents (Ref No.)
1. Differentiate the characteristics and stages of typical/atypical development1, 32, 88–91
2. Appreciate the range of individual differences in development and factors that influence them1, 32, 88–93
3. Recognize the effects of prenatal care, prematurity, health, and other biological conditions on development90, 93
4. Be aware of the health needs of young children and collaborate with the medical community to address them93
5. Understand contemporary infant development theories including research on brain development32, 88, 89, 93
6. Demonstrate sensitivity to infant states/cues and understand how responses contribute to infant development in child rearing32, 93
7. Understand bonding/attachment theories and implications for development93
8. Monitor stages of cognitive development and recognize the impact of cognitive delays on learning32, 88, 89
9. Recognize the impact of multiple disabilities on development and understand the interdependence of developmental domains88–90, 93
10. Understand auditory, visual, and cross-modal perception and processing in relation to development32, 88, 91–93
11. Recognize the role of play and daily routines in development32, 88, 90, 93
12. Locate current evidence and resources related to contemporary studies of infant development32, 88, 89, 93
13. Facilitate infant/toddler engagement88, 90
14. Develop and implement age-appropriate interventions supportive of development in all domains and reflective of individuals’ interests32, 88–90, 93