Table 1.

Baseline Characteristics of Study Participants

CharacteristicTotal
(N = 108)
Arm 1
(N = 49)
Arm 2
(N = 30)
Arm 3
(N = 29)
Age, y
 Mean5.0  4.3  5.3  5.8
 SE0.2  0.2  0.4  0.5
Sex
 Male52 (48) 25 (51) 11 (37) 16 (55)
 Female56 (52) 24 (49) 19 (63) 13 (45)
Race/ethnicity
 White/not Hispanic     9 (8)  5 (10)  2  (7)  2 (7)
 Black/not Hispanic76 (70) 36 (74) 21 (70) 19 (66)
 Hispanic23 (21)  8 (16)  7 (23)  8 (28)
Plasma HIV RNA concentration, log10 copies/mL
 Mean4.55  4.48  4.69  4.53
 SE0.07  0.10  0.14  0.13
CD4+ count, cells/μL
 Median730742688773
 Mean819904687810
 SE53.1 91.9 97.1 66.5
  • Arm 1: d4T plus ddl, previous d4T; arm 2: d4T, previous ZDV; arm 3: d4T plus ddl, previous ZDV.

    Numbers in parentheses indicate percent.

    P = NS for all comparisons between treatment arms 2 and 3.