Table 2.

Characteristics of Study Participants by Pacifier Introduction

CharacteristicPacifier Introduction After 6 Weeks/Never (n = 84)Pacifier Introduction by 6 Weeks (n = 181)P Value
Proportion (%)Proportion (%)
White98.896.7.44*
Married90.589.5.81
Plans to return to work54.861.9.27
Primiparous38.148.6.11
Delivery by c-section15.521.0.29
Breastfed an infant previously (all mothers in study)51.250.6.92
Paternal preference breastfeeding65.563.0.69
Family preference breastfeeding28.630.9.70
Feeding decision <3rd trimester71.465.2.32
Problems pregnancy/delivery70.270.2.99
Most friends have breastfed39.337.6.79
Apgar score at 5 minutes.50
 50.01.1
 83.65.5
 986.987.9
 109.55.5
Randomization**48.851.4.70
  • * Fisher's exact test.

  • ** Randomization to commercial materials in randomized clinical trial of infant feeding choices.16