Table 3.

Crude and Adjusted* Median and Average Direct and Indirect Costs ($) Per Child of the Different Actions Taken by Parents Because of URTI, Diarrhea, and/or Vomiting for a 6-month Follow-up Period (September 1996–March 1997)

Crude Costs ($)Adjusted* Costs ($)
Median (Q1, Q3)Mean (SD)Median (Q1, Q3)Mean (SD)
Direct costs
 Medication Prescription16.54 (0.00, 42.32)27.67 (34.01)20.56 (0.00, 51.55)35.03 (47.45)
  OTC7.99 (3.64, 13.86)10.01 (11.19)8.52 (3.93, 17.24)12.44 (14.26)
  Total25.55 (10.85, 54.02)37.62 (37.82)31.63 (12.41, 64.78)47.47 (52.76)
 Physician40.35 (0.00, 60.52)40.13 (41.24)40.35 (0.00, 74.93)49.10 (51.34)
Indirect costs
 Babysitter0.00 (0.00, 0.00)9.50 (36.49)0.00 (0.00, 0.00)11.59 (49.16)
 Family member0.00 (0.00, 0.00)27.78 (70.33)0.00 (0.00, 0.00)35.19 (94.62)
 Missed work (replacement cost method)12.73 (0.00, 67.63)55.74 (91.82)13.79 (0.00, 86.02)63.43 (101.30)
 Missed work (opportunity cost method)§19.09 (0.00, 131.79)111.17 (208.10)22.44 (0.00, 152.77)125.35 (226.65)
Total costs (replacement cost method)119.18 (46.88, 218.28)170.82 (176.20)146.56 (54.00, 269.28)206.77 (217.30)
Total costs (opportunity cost method)§144.86 (52.59, 270.30)219.40 (260.09)168.10 (58.91, 328.92)260.96 (302.00)
  • * Adjusted for the number of days of follow-up per period (crude cost/No. days of follow-up) × 182 days.

  • Over-the-counter drugs.

  • Replacement cost method: the hourly wage of untrained occasional educators per region was used for the hours missed from work.

  • § Opportunity cost method: the hourly wage of full-time workers by gender and education level was used (based on Jean, 1996).29