Table 2.

Neonatal Outcome Measures

Conventional (n = 13)rhG-CSF 5
μg (n = 5)
rhG-CSF 10
μg (n = 10)
Sepsis* 702
E coli 100
S epi 202
Pseudomonas200
Serratia200
Necrotizing entercolitis 101
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia 926
Death (<28 days)311
Death (>28 days)113
  • * P <.05 for conventional group versus combined rhG-CSF groups.

  • Necrotizing enterocolitis was diagnosed when abdominal distension, bilious gastric drainage, gross blood in the stools, and radiological evidence of pneumatosis intestinalis were observed.12

  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia was diagnosed if a neonate required oxygen >28 days after birth and had associated radiographic findings as determined by a board-certified radiologist.