Table 5.

Sepsis-associated Infant Deaths and Mortality Rates* by Prematurity, United States, 1992–1994

PretermTerm
DeathsRateRR (95% CI)DeathsRateRR (95% CI)
United States3632277.9314729.7
Sex
 Male2050293.81.1 (1.1–1.2)178333.11.3 (1.2–1.4)
 Female1582259.8Referent136426.3Referent
Race
 White2133247.1Referent206524.9Referent
 Black1413373.71.5 (1.4–1.6)96355.82.2 (2.1–2.4)
Region
 Northeast673298.31.4 (1.3–1.6)50925.51.1 (1.0–1.2)
 Midwest813277.81.3 (1.2–1.5)70229.21.2 (1.1–1.4)
 South1541305.91.4 (1.3–1.6)132636.81.6 (1.4–1.7)
 West605212.4Referent61023.6Referent
Race/region
 Northeast
  White391260.4Referent35022.2Referent
  Black273407.71.6 (1.3–1.8)14644.12.0 (1.6–2.4)
 Midwest
  White525258.8Referent47023.7Referent
  Black273337.91.3 (1.1–1.5)22162.92.7 (2.3–3.1)
 South
  White756258.5Referent76929.3Referent
  Black768386.21.5 (1.4–1.7)53962.42.1 (1.9–2.4)
 West
  White461211.8Referent47622.7Referent
  Black99314.11.5 (1.2–1.8)5731.61.4 (1.1–1.8)
  • * Sepsis mortality rates expressed as deaths per 100 000 live births <37 weeks' gestation for preterm infants and >36 weeks' gestation for term infants.