Table 5.

Mother's Perception and Mother and Child's Observed Sensitivity by Intervention Groups (KMC vs TC) and Child's Need of NICU at Birth

With NICUWithout NICU
KMC
(n = 47)
TC
(n = 35)
KMC
(n = 199)
TC
(n = 207)
Mean ± SDMean ± SDMean ± SDMean ± SD
Mothers' perception(a)(b)(c)(d)
 Sense of competence.24  ± 1.3−.30  ± .87.14  ± .98−.10  ± .97ac > bd** 1
 Stress and worry.07  ± .91.17  ± 1.3.04  ± .94−.08  ± .93NS
 Support.20  ± 1.3.25  ± .89−.14  ± .99.06  ± .91ab > cdt 2
Mothers' sensitivity
 Sensitivity.77  ± .09.75  ± .15.73  ± .12.71  ± .13ab > cd** 2
 Response to child's distress.90  ± .12.85  ± .15.89  ± .15.91  ± .15
 Socioemotional growth fostering.61  ± .14.66  ± .16.59  ± .16.57  ± .15ab > cd** 2
 b > a* 3
 Cognitive growth fostering.35  ± .19.42  ± .24.33  ± .20.30  ± .18ab > cd** 2
 b > a* 3
 Child's clarity of cues.66  ± .12.67  ± .15.64  ± .14.62  ± .16ab > cd* 2
 Child's responsivity to mother.33  ± .12.34  ± .15.31  ± .13.29  ± .14ab > cd* 2
  • (a), (b), (c), and (d) Represent group means.

  • * P < .05;

  • ** P < .01;

  • F5-165 P < .001; t < .10.

    1 Group effect; 2 NICU effect;3 interaction effect.