Table 2.

A Comparison Between the KMC Group and the TC Control Group Based on Factors Related to Newborn Infants

VariablesKMCControlsF(p)VariablesKMCControlsF(p)
Weight at birth, g
(mean ± SD)
1660  ± 2681736  ± 259.002Distribution of weight at birth, g n (%)
Length at birth, cm
41.4  ± 2.941.9  ± 2.8.06<1201
20  (8)16  (7)
 (mean ± SD)1201–150045  (18)39  (16).62
1501–2000181  (74)187  (77)
Head perimeter at birth (mean ± SD)30.3  ± 1.830.6  ± 1.7.10Lubchenco classification,
n (%)
Gestational age at birth 33.1  ± 2.333.7  ± 2.6.02PT–AGA* 175  (71)165  (68)
 (mean ± SD)PT–SGA52  (21)48  (20).29
Male/female,n 131/115105/137.03T–SGA19  (8)29  (12)
Weight at eligibility, g (mean ± SD)1633  ± 2251707  ± 235.000Asphyxia according to Apgar at 1 min, n (%)
Age at eligibility (days)10.0  ± 10.58.6  ± 10.0.11No asphyxia (8–10)141  (64)137  (66)
 (mean ± SD)Mild (6–7)68  (31)57  (27).55
Head perimeter, 41 weeks (mean ± SD)34.7  ± 1.634.7  ± 1.6.97Moderate (4–5)8  (4)7  (3)
Severe (0–3)4  (2)8  (4)
Weight (g) at 41 weeks (mean ± SD)2851  ± 5272855  ± 513.93Feeding, n (%)
Breastfeeding only105  (43)111  (46)
Height at 41 weeks, cm 46.8  ± 2.347.0  ± 2.3.42Breast and formula135  (55)111  (46).01
 (mean ± SD)Formula6  (2.4)20  (8.3)
  • * PT–AGA indicates preterm, appropriate for gestational age; PT–SGA, preterm, small for gestational age; T–SGA, term, small for gestational age.