Table 4.

Health Care Expenditures During First Six Months After Index ED Visit*

Type of Care
Received
Comparison
Group
Minimal
Intervention Group
Case Management
Group
Urgent ED visits$11 ($0–$614)$18 ($0–$508)$11 ($0–$314)
Nonurgent ED visits $160 ($0–$1052)$143 ($0–$1085)$140 ($0–$978)
Total emergency services $172 ($0–$1125)$161 ($0–$1213)$151 ($0–$978)
Preventive primary care$23 ($0–$393)$20 ($0–$224)$26 ($0–$332)
Illness primary care$79 ($0–$3795)$70 ($0–$612)$63 ($0–$348)
Pharmacy$60 ($3–$1493)$64 ($3–$757)$56 ($4–$615)
Total health care expenditure$629 ($27–$20,421)$567 ($29–$4563)$616 ($30–$7166)
  • * Data are expressed as average Medicaid cost per patient with range indicated.

  • P = .04, Kruskal-Wallis (minimal versus comparison, NS; minimal versus case management, NS; case management versus comparison, P = .03, Mann-Whitney).

  • P = .04, Kruskal-Wallis (minimal versus comparison, NS; minimal versus case management, NS; case management versus comparison, P = .02, Mann-Whitney).