Table 3.

Health Care Utilization During First Six Months After Index ED Visit*

Type of Care ReceivedComparison GroupMinimal Intervention GroupCase Management Group
Urgent ED visits0.17  (0–7)0.21  (0–3)0.14  (0–3)
Nonurgent ED visits 2.96  (0–17)2.63  (0–14)2.53  (0–15)
Total emergency services 3.12  (0–17)2.84  (0–17)2.68  (0–15)
Preventive primary care0.33  (0–3)0.33  (0–3)0.39  (0–3)
Illness primary care1.75  (0–20)1.86  (0–14)1.71  (0–12)
Pharmacy3.38  (1–28)3.33  (1–12)3.16  (1–18)
  • * Data are expressed as average number of visits during months of Medicaid eligibility per patient with range indicated.

  • P = .009, Kruskal-Wallis (minimal versus comparison, NS; minimal versus case management, NS; case management versus comparison; P = .004, Mann-Whitney).

  • P = .009, Kruskal-Wallis (minimal versus comparison, NS; minimal versus case management, NS; case management versus comparison, P = .004, Mann-Whitney).