Table 2.

Demographic Data (%)*

Comparison GroupMinimal Intervention GroupCase Management Intervention GroupP Value, Test of Significance
Child's gender
 Male301 (49.1)63 (46.7)101 (56.1)
 Female312 (50.8)72 (53.3) 79 (44.9)NS, χ2
Child's age, mean (range)4.46 (0.1–19 years)4.55 (.04–17 years)4.77 (.04–17 years)NS, Kruskal-Wallis
Child's race
 White267 (43.6)43 (34.1) 64 (39.0)
 African-American327 (53.4)76 (60.3) 98 (59.8)
 Other18 (2.9)7 (5.6) 2 (1.2)NS, χ2
Type of neighborhood
 Suburban30 (6.1)10 (7.4) 13 (7.2)
 Urban, middle class121 (24.5)30 (22.2) 50 (27.8)
 Urban, poor342 (69.4)95 (70.3)117 (65.0)NS, χ2
Days of eligibility, mean
 6 months after index ED visit169.6161.5165.3
 24 months after index ED visit692.9679.1673.3NS, Kruskal-Wallis
  • * Note: Missing data account for variability in n for various groups.