Table 1.

Outcome Variables and Predictors by Gender

Female
MaleTotal
Mean (SD)NMean (SD)NMean (SD)N
Outcome variables
 Adult BMI zscore  0.11 (1.03)235  0.17 (1.05)155  0.13 (1.04)390
 Adult BMI 23.6 (4.8)235 25.0 (4.0)155
 Obese as adults (% [#]) 11 (27)* 235 19 (30)* 155 15 (57)390
Predictor variables
 Age at AR (years)  5.4 (1.7) 235  5.8 (1.9) 155  5.5 (1.8)390
 BMI z score at AR−0.23 (0.71)228−0.18 (0.69)151−0.21 (0.70)379
 Maternal BMI  22.8 (3.7)200 23.0 (3.6)119 22.9 (3.7)319
 Mother obese (% [#])  11 (22)200 13 (15)119 12 (37)319
 Paternal BMI  25.5 (3.4)169 25.7 (3.3)117 25.6 (3.4)286
 Father obese (% [#])  16 (27)169 21 (24)117 18 (51)286
 At least one parent obese (% [#])  24 (36)147 31 (30)96 27 (66)243
  • * P = .03 for difference between males and females, all other P values are ≥.10 unless indicated.

  • P = .06 for difference between males and females.

  • At the time the child is 18 months old.