Table 2.

Child Fatalities Associated With Religion-motivated Medical Neglect

DiagnosesNAges (Years Unless Specified)Expected Outcome
General or miscellaneous:
 Cachexia, gastric aspiration1 9Excellent
 Dehydration6 4 mo, 5 mo, 1, 5, 8, 12Excellent
 Diabetes, type 112 3, 7, 10, 10, 11, 12, 12, 13, 13, 15, 15, 16Excellent
 Epilepsy, withheld medications117Excellent
 Burns, 50% total burn surface area1 1Good
 Hydrocephaly, myelomeningocoele1 2 moExcellent
 Foreign body aspiration1 2Good
 Renal failure315, 15, 15Excellent
 Trauma, motor vehicle accident1 2No benefit
Infections:
 Diphtheria3 3, 4, 9Excellent
 Laryngotracheobronchitis118 moExcellent
 Measles (with complications)7 1, 5, 9, 9, 13, 14, 16Excellent
 Meningitis, H influenzae 9 4 mo, 1 (7), 4Excellent
 Meningitis, S pneumoniae 4 2 mo, 5 mo, 1, 7Excellent
 Meningitis, bacterial, nonspecified1 1Excellent
 Meningitis, posttraumatic115Excellent
 Pericarditis, S pneumoniae 1 1Excellent
 Pertussis1 1 moExcellent
 Pneumonia (varying etiologies)22 1 mo to 2 yExcellent
 Pneumonia/myocarditis1 1Good
 Rocky Mountain spotted fever1 4Excellent
 Toxic shock syndrome, staphylococcus117Excellent
Abdominal surgical disorders:
 Intussuception3 8 mo, 9 mo, 14Excellent
 Appendicitis, ruptured7 5 to 14Excellent
 Small bowel obstruction1 6Excellent
 Strangulated hernia1 6Excellent
 Volvulus2 9 days, 26 moExcellent
Congenital heart lesions:
 Common atrioventricular canal1 7 moGood
 Double outlet right ventricle112No benefit
 Ventricular septal defect, pneumonia2 9 mo, 10 moExcellent
Tumors:
 Ewing's sarcoma113Good
 Leukemia, acute lymphocytic3 4, 5, 7Good
 Leukemia, nonspecified1 2Fair
 Lymphoma, Burkitt's113Good
 Lymphoma, non-Hodgkins1 3Good
 Neuroblastoma1 1Fair
 Osteogenic sarcoma3 6, 12, 14Fair
 Posterior fossa, nonspecified1 2Fair
 Rhabdomyosarcoma2 4 and 5Fair
 Wilms' tumor1 2Good
Total113