Table 1.

Characteristics of the Study Population at Enrollment (N = 165)

VariableNumber (%)
Age (mean ± SD; years)16.2  ± 1.2
 <16 years of age61  (37)
Race/ethnicity
 White/non-Hispanic81  (49)
 Black44  (27)
 Hispanic35  (21)
 Other5  (3)
Medicaid user151  (93)
Primigravida143  (87)
Live with parent(s)105  (64)
Nonteen father of child* 51  (32)
Relation with father of child*
 None/not seeing49  (31)
 Friend/dating67  (40)
 Live in34  (21)
 Married13  (7)
New boyfriend18  (11)
School status
 High school graduate6  (4)
 Enrolled100  (60)
 Drop out59  (36)
Psychosocial problems
 Past physical/sexual abuse54  (34)
 Substance abuse at conception 70  (42)
 Depressed47  (31)
 Inadequate family support§ 12  (8)
Preconception contraception
 None56  (34)
 Condom62  (38)
 Birth control pills70  (42)
 Norplant/Depo-Provera0  (0)
  • * Missing data N = 163,

  • All denied substance use during gestation,

  • missing data N = 151,

  • § missing data N = 157.