Table 1.

Cardiac Findings in Turner Syndrome

This
Study
Gøtzsche
et al3
Total number of patients462393
Echocardiography performed244179
n  (%)n  (%)
Structural abnormalities96  (40)46  (26)
 Coarctation only23  (9)14  (8)
 Bicuspid valve only24  (10)21  (12)
 Both4  (2)4  (2)
 Coarctation and other structural* 7  (3)0  (0)
 Aortic stenosis/regurgitation11  (5)5  (3)
 Pulmonic valve2  (1)2  (1)
 Other structural 25  (10)0  (0)
Nonstructural abnormalities40  (16)Not indicated
 HBP30  (12)
 Conduction defects3  (1)
 MVP6  (2)
 Pericardial effusion1  (0.4)
  • * Includes coarct/ASD (1); coarct/AS/partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (1); coarct/BAV/MS (1); coarct/left bundle branch block (1); coarct/BAV/ventriculoseptal defect [VSD] (1); coarct/BAV/AS/VSD (1); coarct/AS (1).

  • Includes hypoplastic left heart (3); ASD (4); VSD (1); ASD/VSD (1); ASD/VSD/patent ductus arteriosus (1); ASD/cleft mitral valve (1); ASD/MR (1); TR/MR (2); TR (2); scimitar syndrome (1); sinus venosus (1); pulmonary artery kinking (1); BAV/AS/AI/pulmonary artery stenosis (1); MR (1); PDA (1); cleft mitral valve/ostium primum (1); AI/MR (1); BAV/AS (1).