Table 6.

Odds Ratios and Confidence Intervals for Perpetration of Sexual Violence Among Female Youth

Odds Ratio95% Confidence IntervalWald χ2 df = 1P
Grade
 12th vs 9th1.130.90 –1.421.12NS
Ethnicity*
 Asian American1.140.58 –2.260.15NS
 Black1.600.75 –3.411.47NS
 Hispanic0.400.10 –1.651.60NS
 American Indian1.290.60 –2.790.43NS
 Other or mixed race1.170.64 –2.140.27NS
 Unknown vs white2.301.13 –4.655.33.02
Family structure*
 One parent0.920.69 –1.230.34NS
 Other situation vs two parent0.980.73 –1.310.02NS
Sexually abused by nonfamily adult1.511.16 –1.979.28.002
Sexually abused by family adult1.531.11 –2.106.68.01
Physically abused1.100.82 –1.480.42NS
Witnessed abuse1.300.98 –1.723.34NS
Alcohol problem in family1.030.79 –1.350.06NS
Drug problem in family1.140.83 –1.570.64NS
Illegal drug use frequency10.843.49 –33.6617.00<.001
Steroid use past year6.903.93 –12.0945.38<.001
Alcohol use frequency
 Daily vs weekly or less1.500.78 –2.871.48NS
Gang membership*
 Currently2.881.84 –4.5121.38<.001
 Formerly vs never1.270.80 –2.021.02NS
Hours a week spent “hanging out”
 41 or more vs 40 or less1.081.02 –1.156.62.01
Usual grades received0.420.24 –0.749.19.002
Family interactions0.680.41 –1.142.16NS
Community connectedness0.820.45 –1.490.42NS
Self-esteem0.990.53 –1.850.00NS
Emotional health0.700.33 –1.460.90NS
Suicide risk1.991.28 –3.089.37.002
  • * The reference for ethnicity is white; for family structure it is two parent; for gang membership it is never.

  • The scales were adjusted to range from 0 to 1. The odds ratio represents the odds of reporting sexual violence perpetration for those at the highest end of the scale when compared with those at the lowest end of the scale.

  • “Usual grades received” is a grade point average which was adjusted to range from 1 (A) to 0 (F). The odds ratio represents the odds of reporting sexual violence perpetration for those with an A average when compared with those who are failing.