Table 5.

Odds Ratios and Confidence Intervals for Perpetration of Sexual Violence Among Male Youth

Odds Ratio95% Confidence IntervalWald χ2 df = 1P
Grade
 12th vs 9th0.730.64 –0.8321.89<.001
Ethnicity*
 Asian-American1.020.67 –1.540.01NS
 Black1.100.71 –1.710.18NS
 Hispanic1.440.87 –2.372.02NS
 American Indian1.300.79 –2.141.10NS
 Other or mixed race0.850.58 –1.240.72NS
 Unknown vs white1.480.99 –2.203.70NS
Family structure*
 One parent0.960.81 –1.130.29NS
 Other situation vs two parent0.870.72 –1.042.29NS
Sexually abused by nonfamily adult2.361.82 –3.0642.60<.001
Sexually abused by family adult2.711.95 –3.7835.09<.001
Physically abused1.070.87 –1.320.42NS
Witnessed abuse1.431.18 –1.7213.75<.001
Alcohol problem in family1.080.91 –1.290.67NS
Drug problem in family1.030.82 –1.300.08NS
Illegal drug use frequency7.844.33 –14.2046.34<.001
Steroid use past year2.652.06 –3.4257.44<.001
Alcohol use frequency
 Daily vs weekly or less2.101.57 –2.8025.17<.001
Gang membership*
 Currently2.201.78 –2.7154.17<.001
 Formerly vs never1.701.37 –2.1122.97<.001
Hours a week spent “hanging out”
 41 or more vs 40 or less1.101.06 –1.1329.44<.001
Usual grades received0.770.57 –1.062.57NS
Family interactions0.860.63 –1.180.90NS
Community connectedness0.530.38 –0.7512.70<.001
Self-esteem1.080.73 –1.600.16NS
Emotional health0.430.28 –0.6614.53<.001
Suicide risk1.961.51 –2.5326.28<.001
  • * The reference for ethnicity is white; for family structure it is two parent; for gang membership it is never.

  • The scales were adjusted to range from 0 to 1. The odds ratio represents the odds of reporting sexual violence perpetration for those at the highest end of the scale when compared with those at the lowest end of the scale.

  • “Usual grades received” is a grade point average which was adjusted to range from 1 (A) to 0 (F). The odds ratio represents the odds of reporting sexual violence perpetration for those with an A average when compared with those who are failing.