Table 5.

Significant Neonatal Outcomes Among Infant Born After a Successful VBAC Compared With Those Who Failed and Required a Cesarean Section

VBACCesarean SectionP
n = 336n = 156
Birth and delivery room data
 Weight (kg, mean ± SD)3.44 ± 0.53.56 ± 0.5<.05
 Length (cm, mean ± SD)50 ± 251 ± 2<.05
 Head circumference (cm, mean ± SD)  34 ± 1.5  35 ± 1.3<.05
 Apgar ≤6 at 1 min (n, %)26 (8)22 (14)<.05
 Pediatrician at delivery (n, %)135 (40)96 (62)<.001
 Intubation for meconium (n, %)47 (14)33 (21)<.05
 Neonatal morbidity (n, %)
 Respiratory problems, total14 (4)12 (8)NS
 Suspected sepsis8 (2)18 (12)<.0001
 Proven sepsis1 (0.3)3 (2)NS
 Hypoglycemia1 (0.3)4 (3)<.02
 Bilirubin ≥13 mg/dL3 (1)8 (5)<.004
Diagnostic tests and interventions (n, %)
 Arterial blood gas10 (3)14 (9)<.005
 X ray25 (7)24 (15)<.02
 Blood culture45 (13)39 (25)<.005
 Bilirubin level65 (19)72 (46)<.0001
 Intravenous fluids13 (4)21 (13)<.0003
 Antibiotic therapy18 (5)22 (14)<.002
 Oxygen therapy9 (3)13 (8)<.02
 Phototherapy2 (1)5 (3)<.03
 Admission to intensive care6 (2)11 (7)<.007
Length of stay (d, mean ± SD)3.1 ± 24.8 ± 2<.01