Table 3.

Proportion of Children in the 1989–1991 CSFII Meeting Recommendations Over Three Consecutive Days for the Five Food Pyramid Groups According to Age, Gender, Race/Ethnicity, and Poverty Level

CharacteristicNGrainVegetableFruitDairyMeat
Recommendations6–11 Servings3–5 Servings2–4 Servings2–3 Servings5–7
Ounces
Gender and age
Males and females, 2–19 years of age330731.6 (.01)36.4 (.02)26.0 (.02)33.2 (.02)28.0 (.01)
Males
 2–542922.2 (.04)*17.8 (.03)33.8 (.04)34.8 (.04)13.9 (.03)
 6–1141636.2 (.04)35.4 (.04)27.8 (.03)40.6 (.03)23.4 (.03)
 12–1961842.5 (.03)*50.3 (.04)17.1 (.04)48.9 (.02)44.9 (.03)
Females
 2–559913.7 (.03)20.4 (.03)30.2 (.04)25.3 (.04)12.2 (.03)
 6–1157335.1 (.03)34.3 (.03)34.1 (.04)31.5 (.04)25.8 (.03)
 12–1967220.6 (.03)46.1 (.02)19.1 (.04)21.7 (.03)31.8 (.03)
Race/Ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanic224833.7 (.02)34.4 (.02)26.6 (.02)37.0 (.02)25.0 (.02)
 Black, non-Hispanic55026.9 (.04)44.5 (.04)21.9 (.04)21.4 (.03)§36.4 (.04)§
 Hispanic39325.7 (.04)37.9 (.04)26.1 (.06)27.9 (.05)34.4 (.04)
Poverty Index Ratio
 <131%172332.2 (.02)37.3 (.02)19.0 (.02)24.5 (.02)28.4 (.02)
 131%–350%118333.3 (.02)25.9 (.03)36.3 (.02)27.9 (.03)
 >350%40128.7 (.03)33.5 (.03)32.0 (.04)35.7 (.04)27.9 (.03)
  • * P < .05; male versus female for same age category;

  • P < .01.

  • P < .05; white versus black or Hispanic;

  • § P < .01.

  • P < .01; poverty index ratio under 131% versus 131%–150% or >350%.