TABLE 1

Characteristics of the Swedish Birth Cohorts With Respect to Infant Feeding and Celiac Disease

1993 Birth Cohort1997 Birth Cohort
No. of childrena117 99790 502
Infant feeding recommendation regarding introduction of gluten-containing foods
 From age 6 mo X
 In small amounts, from age 4 to 6 mo X
Average daily flour consumption from milk- and cereal-based follow-on formulasb (g/child/d)3824
Proportion of infants breastfedc
 4 mo of age (%)7783
 6 mo of age (%)6374
Clinically detected celiac disease (prevalence at 6 y of age)d5.4/1 0002.9/1 000
  • a Statistics Sweden (www.scb.se).

  • b In children below 2 y of age.11

  • c Exclusively or partially breastfed. Statistically significant difference between cohorts at both ages (P < .001). National Board of Health and Welfare (www.socialstyrelsen.se).

  • d Statistically significant difference between cohorts (P = .008).13