TABLE 2

Development of Musical Preferences

Music StyleMean Growth Factors
InterceptLinear SlopeQuadratic Slope
Chart pop4.12a–0.12*0.00
R&B3.50a0.03–0.02
Hip-hop3.27b0.10–0.03
Rock2.86–0.04a0.01a
Metal2.26b–0.040.00
Gothic2.06b–0.06a–0.01b
Punk1.90b0.09–0.01
Trance3.31b–0.25**0.03
Techno/Hardhouse1.68–0.040.03*
Classic2.06–0.060.04**
Jazz2.65a–0.22**0.05**
  • Development of music style preference is expressed in 3 growth factors: Intercept (ie, mean initial level), Linear Slope (ie, linear increase or decrease), and Quadratic Slope (ie, curvature). All 9 models had adequate model fit: χ2 (2) < 4.83; Comparative Fit Index > 0.99; Tucker-Lewis Index > 0.97; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation < 0.07.

  • a Girls score significantly higher than boys on this growth factor.

  • b Boys score significantly higher than girls on this growth factor. These developmental changes are graphically displayed in Fig1.

  • * P < .05.

  • ** P < .001.