TABLE 2

Prospective Associations Between School Socioeducational Environment in Grade 8 and Depressive Symptoms in Grades 10 to 11

Depressive Symptoms in Grades 10–11, Unstandardized Coefficient (95% CI)
UnadjustedAdjusted
Level 2 fixed effects
 School socioeducational environment (1 = SD)−1.24 (−1.79 to −0.69)***−0.63 (−1.20 to −0.06)*
 School size (1 = SD)0.49 (−0.09 to 1.08)0.01 (−0.55 to 0.57)
 Intervention (1 = yes)−0.54 (−2.22 to 1.15)−0.60 (−1.69 to 0.50)
 Language (1 = English)2.16 (1.05 to 3.28)***0.41 (−0.63 to 1.46)
 School SES (1 = SD)−0.22 (−0.83 to 0.40)−0.06 (−0.66 to 0.55)
Level 1 fixed effects
 Perceived school socioeducational environment (1 = SD)−1.63 (−1.95 to −1.30)***−0.88 (−1.24 to −0.51)***
 Baseline depressive symptoms (1 = SD)3.10 (2.76 to 3.43)***2.38 (1.99 to 2.77)***
 Sex (1 = male)−1.17 (−1.84 to −0.49)***−0.24 (−0.75 to 0.27)
 Ethnicity (1 = non Quebec born white)1.00 (0.12 to 1.88)*0.22 (−0.01 to 0.45)
 Family adversity (1 = SD)1.15 (0.85 to 1.45)***0.49 (0.10 to 0.79)**
 Delinquent behaviors (1 = SD)0.97 (0.61 to 1.34)***−0.40 (−0.80 to 0.00)*
 Social anxiety (1 = SD)1.56 (1.22 to 1.90)***0.51 (0.18 to 0.84)**
 Communication with parents (1 = SD)−1.26 (−1.57 to −0.95)***−0.15 (−0.56 to 0.26)
 Conflict with parents (1 = SD)1.65 (1.31 to 1.99)***0.34 (−0.05 to 0.73)
 Intelligence (1 = SD)−1.39 (−1.77 to −1.01)***−0.94 (−1.30 to −0.57)***
  • CI, confidence interval; SES, socioeconomic status.

  • *** P < .001;

  • ** P < .01;

  • * P < .05;

  • < 0.10.