TABLE 1

Demographic Characteristics and Dietary Intake of SSB Consumers Versus Nonconsumers (n = 4283)

Demographic Characteristic/Dietary ComponentTotal Sample, n (%)SSB Consumer, n (%)Nonconsumer, n (%)Pa
No. of participants42832571 (61.6)1712 (38.4)
Gender
 Male2170 (51.7)1335 (63.2)835 (36.8).12
 Female2113 (48.3)1236 (59.9)877 (40.1)
Age group
 2–3 y1057 (12.8)469 (44.8)588 (55.2)<.001
 4–8 y1208 (35.2)702 (57.0)506 (43.0)
 9–13 y1058 (33.1)744 (69.6)314 (30.4)
 14–16 y960 (18.9)656 (67.6)304 (32.3)
SES category
 Low1342 (34.1)892 (68.2)450 (31.8)<.001
 Mid1506 (35.6)975 (65.3)531 (34.7)
 High1435 (30.3)704 (51.9)731 (48.2)
Wt classificationb
 Very underweight32 (0.7)23 (0.8)9 (0.6)<0.05
 Underweight179 (4.2)99 (3.8)80 (5.0)
 Healthy wt3193 (74.3)1900 (73.7)1293 (75.1)
 Overweight697 (16.3)423 (16.4)274 (16.1)
 Obese182 (4.5)126 (5.3)56 (3.2)
Salt intake (g/d), mean (SD)c6.3 (2.6)6.5 (2.6)5.8 (2.4)<0.001
Fluid intake (g/d), mean (SD)1438 (607)1510 (628)1321 (554)<0.001
Energy intake (kJ/d), mean (SD)8296 (2507)8579 (2543)7843 (2378)<0.001
  • a P values determined by using χ2 and independent t test.

  • b Weight classification based on the International Obesity Task Force BMI reference cutoffs.22,23

  • c Salt equivalent (1 g = 390 mg sodium).