TABLE 2

Clinical Outcomes and Health Resource Utilization Patterns Among the Cohort

NIMultiple CCCSingle CCCP Value
OverallTANo TATANo TATANo TA
n = 15 771n = 873n = 3495n = 152n = 911n = 838n = 9502
Mortality
 Index hospitalization death, n (% users)417 (2.6)15 (1.7)101 (2.9)9 (5.9)57 (6.3)26 (3.1)209 (2.2)<.001
 Death within 2 y postindex, n (%)398 (2.5)65 (7.4)80 (2.3)6 (3.9)34 (3.7)50 (6.0)163 (1.7)<.001
Readmissions, n (%)
 30-d readmissions2081 (13.2)144 (16.5)381 (10.9)36 (23.7)163 (17.9)160 (19.1)1197 (12.6)<.001
 30-d nonelective readmissions1575 (10.0)128 (14.7)337 (9.6)28 (18.4)125 (13.7)114 (13.6)843 (8.9)<.001
 2-y readmissions6952 (44.1)586 (67.1)1505 (43.1)119 (78.3)487 (53.5)550 (65.6)3705 (39.0)<.001
 2-y nonelective readmissions5436 (34.5)492 (56.4)1238 (35.4)97 (63.8)375 (41.2)437 (52.1)2797 (29.4)<.001
Home care usea
 Home care use, n (%)5670 (36.0)707 (81.0)1753 (50.2)111 (73.0)360 (39.5)535 (63.8)2204 (23.2)<.001
 No. different HC service types used, median (IQR)2 (2–4)4 (2–5)3 (2–4)3 (2–4)2 (2–3)2 (2–4)2 (1–3)<.001
Drug usea
 Ontario Drug Benefit claims, n (%)4954 (31.4)565 (64.7)1301 (37.2)104 (68.4)326 (35.8)436 (52.0)2222 (23.4)<.001
 No. medications, median (IQR)6 (3–10)9 (5–14)5 (3–9)9 (5–15)6 (3–11)8 (4–12)5 (2–9)<.001
Outpatient usea
 No. primary care visits, median (IQR)12 (6–20)9 (4–14)10 (5–18)14 (8–23)18 (11–25)10 (5–18)13 (7–20)<.001
 No. distinct physicians, median (IQR)13 (8–20)19 (12–27)13 (8–20)24 (17–38)16 (10–27)18 (11–29)11 (7–18)<.001
 No. distinct specialties, median (IQR)6 (4–8)8 (6–10)6 (4–8)9 (7–12)7 (5–9)7 (5–10)5 (4–7)<.001
No. same-day surgeries, median (IQR)a1 (1–2)1 (1–2)1 (1–2)1 (1–2)1 (1–2)1 (1–2)1 (1–1).003
No. unplanned ED visits, median (IQR)a2 (1–5)3 (2–6)3 (1–5)3 (2–6)3 (1–5)2 (1–5)2 (1–4)<.001
  • HC, health care; IQR, interquartile range.

  • a Within 2 y post-index hospitalization.