TABLE 10

Cognitive, Behavioral, and QoL Abnormalities Improved After Treatment of Pediatric SBD

Deficit MeasuredSourceLevelNo.Abnormalities Improved After SDB Treatment
Cognition/IQChervin et al37I105Attention measured on continuous performance test improved significantly after treatment
Montgomery-Downs et al50III38General conceptual ability improved (verbal fluency did not improve)
Friedman et al26II59Auditory-visual integration, auditory-motor memory, short-term memory, retention, analytic thinking, IQ/mental processing, attention all improved
Hyperactivity and/or ADHDGalland et al237IV247Hyperactivity and/or diagnosis of ADHD improved
Li et al238
Mitchell and Kelly240
Mitchell and Kelly241
Roemmich et al191
Chervin et al37I105Long-term improvement in hyperactivity
Somatization, depressionGalland et al237IV153All showed improvement in depression and/or somatization
Mitchell and Kelly240
Mitchell and Kelly241
Behavior problems, generalGoldstein et al55IV450All showed behavior improvement except Davis et al49
Goldstein et al243Long-term behavior improvement in Mitchell et al53
Hogan et al48
Li et al238
Roemmich et al191
Tran et al58
Wei et al245
Mitchell et al53
Davis et al49
Aggression, oppositional, and social problemsGalland et al237IV113Improvement in abnormal social behavior and aggression
Mitchell and Kelly240
Excessive daytime sleepinessChervin et al37I105Sleepiness improved by 1 min, as measured by using multiple sleep latency testing on PSG
QoLColen et al52IV787Includes disease-specific and emotional QoL58
Constantin et al54Long-term improvements ≥1 y52,53
Goldstein et al55
Sohn et al56
Silva and Leite57
Tran et al58
Chervin et al37I105Long-term improvements at 1 y
Sleep qualityConstantin et al54IV590Improved in both studies
Wei et al245