TABLE 1

Descriptive Statistics of Study Sample, Overall and by State Law Category

Overall2003–2006 Law Change
2003 LawNo ChangeNew LawsWeaker
NoneWeakStrongNoneWeakStrongWeakStrong
No. of states4027761535764
Student variables
n630037201620960209041090010401270590
Gender, %
 Female49.849.351.349.048.249.051.849.951.648.7
Race/ethnicity, %
 White, non-Hispanic58.964.145.561.959.374.460.978.339.651.7
 Black, non-Hispanic11.99.014.918.59.29.511.67.17.342.6
 Hispanic18.515.728.013.317.18.218.58.339.62.6
 Other, non-Hispanic10.711.211.86.414.48.08.96.413.53.1
SES quintile, %
 118.115.723.817.818.010.212.412.025.228.0
 220.220.518.621.222.315.517.219.220.022.3
 319.620.517.419.521.017.520.220.417.318.2
 421.322.718.520.822.023.324.723.317.816.3
 520.920.621.720.716.733.525.525.119.715.3
Locale, %
 City31.630.337.326.730.933.035.724.344.212.4
 Suburban40.240.239.641.433.556.448.047.937.134.9
 Township/Rural28.229.523.130.235.610.616.327.918.652.7
Region, %
 Northeast18.915.722.125.73.545.127.743.917.90.0
 Midwest27.642.69.80.050.338.532.722.60.00.0
 South32.927.224.968.634.916.333.416.716.6100.0
 West20.614.543.35.711.20.06.216.965.50.0
BMI, mean
 5th grade20.720.521.220.920.520.720.520.321.121.6
 8th grade23.122.923.523.123.023.022.622.523.424.2
Overweight, %
 5th grade40.136.946.042.136.643.338.737.244.946.7
 8th grade37.435.242.736.835.839.533.933.541.744.5
Obesity, %
 5th grade22.320.425.923.321.221.320.818.726.326.6
 8th grade20.318.923.320.619.919.517.517.023.825.0