TABLE 2

Baseline Characteristics

Control (n = 54)Intervention (n = 56)Total (n = 110)
Child characteristics
 Age, mean (SD)10.54 (0.91)10.38 (0.85)10.46 (0.88)
 Male, %51.951.851.8
 Hispanic, %52.040.446.1
 African American, %26.942.334.6
 Caucasian, %55.852.854.3
 IQ scores, mean (SD)93.56 (12.44)98.00 (12.93)95.82 (12.83)
Externalizing problems, mean T score (SD)64.04 (11.51)64.21 (11.13)64.13 (11.27)
Maternal characteristics
 Controlled substance use history, %55.669.662.7
 Criminal history, %44.464.354.5
 Mental illness, %35.241.138.2
 Maltreatment history, %16.723.220.0
Maltreatment type
 Physical abuse, %25.939.332.7
 Sexual abuse, %16.712.514.5
 Neglect—failure to provide, %51.948.250.0
 Neglect—lack of supervision, %72.278.675.5
 Emotional maltreatment, %70.458.964.5
 Moral neglect (exposure to illegal activity), %24.142.933.6
Child welfare and placement history
 Referrals preintervention, mean (SD)2.87 (2.27)3.18 (2.31)3.03 (2.28)
 D in current episode of foster care, mean (SD)235 (108)250 (111)242 (109)
 D in current placement, mean (SD)223 (134)212 (131)217 (132)
 Placements preintervention, mean (SD)3.17 (2.67)3.20 (2.55)3.18 (2.60)
 Any RTC placement preintervention, %22.226.824.5
Prior episode of foster care, %38.935.737.3
Placement type
 Placement in nonrelative foster care at baseline, %57.453.655.5
 Placement in kinship (ie, relative) care at baseline, %35.237.536.4
 Placement in RTC at baseline, %7.48.98.2
  • RTC, residential treatment center; SD, standard deviation.