TABLE 5

Adjusted OR of Developmental Concerns in Families <200% FPL When Participating in Parent-Child Activity Less Days A Week Versus More Days a Week

OutcomeOR95% CI
OR of developmental concern when read to less (0–3) vs more (4–7) days a week
 Expressive language1.66a1.19–2.30
 Receptive language1.65a1.13–2.43
 Fine motor1.58a1.07–2.34
 Social-emotional1.46a1.03–2.06
 Learning1.601.00–2.56
 Behavior1.210.84–1.75
 At risk for developmental delay1.57a1.15–2.13
OR of developmental concern when told stories or sung song to less (0–3) vs more (4–7) days a week
 Expressive language1.52a1.02–2.26
 Receptive language1.75a1.11–2.76
 Fine motor concern1.69a1.07–2.68
 Social-emotional1.340.89–2.03
 Learning1.720.97–3.04
 Behavior1.140.74–1.76
 At risk for developmental delay1.66a1.15–2.40
OR of developmental concern when taken on family outings less (0–3) vs more (4–7) days a week
 Expressive language1.51a1.11–2.06
 Receptive language1.98a1.40–2.81
 Fine motor1.410.93–2.14
 Social-emotional1.200.87–1.67
 Learning1.460.92–2.30
 Behavior1.240.87–1.78
 At risk for developmental delay1.48a1.11–1.97
OR of developmental concern when eating a meal together less (0–3) vs more (4–7) days a week
 Expressive language1.310.87–1.98
 Receptive language1.420.89–2.27
 Fine motor1.290.78–2.14
 Social-emotional1.140.75–1.71
 Learning1.090.63–1.89
 Behavior1.020.65–1.59
 At risk for developmental delay1.320.90–1.93
  • After adjusting for age, gender, insurance type, maternal education, parenting stress, and ethnicity.

  • a Significant findings.