TABLE 1

Poverty Distributions and Sample Demography

<100 FPL, n = 2595100–199 FPL, n = 2349200–299 FPL, n = 1928300–399 FPL, n = 1550>400 FPL, n = 4220
Age, mo, n = 12 642
 4–56.3 (0.9)6.2 (1.0)9.7 (1.8)8.7 (2.4)7.6 (1.0)
 6–1119.5 (1.5)22.2 (2.0)21.5 (2.0)22.2 (2.2)22.5 (1.5)
 12–1719.2 (1.6)24.5 (2.1)22.4 (2.0)27.1 (2.5)22.4 (1.4)
 18–2317.8 (1.6)13.3 (1.3)13.1 (1.6)13.6 (1.6)16.6 (1.4)
 24–3637.3 (2.0)33.9 (2.1)33.4 (2.3)28.5 (2.2)30.9 (1.6)
Gender, n = 12 634
 Boys50.0 (2.0)53.0 (2.2)52.2 (2.5)52.9 (2.7)48.8 (1.7)
 Girls50.047.047.847.151.2
Insurance, n = 12 471
 No insurance4.08 (0.9)9.1 (1.6)4.0 (1.2)4.6 (1.9)0.9 (0.3)
 Medicaid86.7 (1.4)58.6 (2.3)32.4 (2.7)15.7 (2.3)7.7 (1.2)
 Private insurance9.2 (1.2)32.3 (2.2)63.6 (2.7)79.7 (2.7)91.4 (1.2)
Race/Ethnicity, n = 12 388
 Hispanic46.4 (2.1)29.6 (2.4)18.9 (2.7)13.5 (3.0)12.0 (1.4)
 White, non-Hispanic25.1 (1.5)48.8 (2.2)58.7 (2.6)68.4 (3.1)65.8 (1.9)
 Black, non-Hispanic20.9 (1.6)11.5 (1.3)10.5 (1.4)6.0 (1.2)5.5 (1.1)
 Other7.6 (0.7)10.1 (1.2)11.9 (1.5)12.1 (2.0)16.7 (1.6)
Maternal education, n = 12 001
 Less than high school38.2 (2.1)14.0 (1.8)5.7 (1.6)2.9 (1.6)0.7 (0.2)
 High school graduate35.0 (2.0)31.2 (2.3)19.8 (2.3)12.5 (2.0)6.3 (1.0)
 More than high school26.8 (1.7)54.9 (2.4)74.5 (2.6)84.6 (2.4)93.0 (1.1)
Other caregivers, n = 12 638
 No82.0 (1.6)72.9 (2.1)72.7 (2.1)64.9 (2.3)48.1 (1.8)
 Yes18.027.127.335.151.9
Marital status, n = 12 486
 Single mother, never married24.8 (1.6)12.0 (1.3)8.2 (1.5)5.6 (1.2)1.9 (0.3)
 Others75.288.091.894.498.1
Parental stress, n = 12 617
 Present13.8 (1.5)6.2 (1.1)6.3 (1.4)4.6 (2.2)3.7 (0.7)
  • Values in percentages (SE). All P < .05, except gender (P = .5). May not sum to total due to missing data.