TABLE 1

Unadjusted Demographic and Clinical Predictors of CSTS Failure

CSTS Pass (n = 178), % (n)CSTS Fail (n = 9), % (n)P
Gender.1718
 Male49% (88)22% (2)
 Female51% (90)78% (7)
Race.9909
 White8.5% (15)11.1% (1)
 Black86.4% (153)88.9% (8)
 Other5.1% (9)0% (0)
Delivery mode.9815
 Vaginal66.3% (118)66.7% (6)
 Cesarean33.7% (60)33.3% (3)
Gestation number.1472
 Singleton85.4% (152)66.7% (6)
 Multiples14.6% (26)33.3% (3)
GBS status.7298
 Positive37.6% (67)33.3% (3)
 Negative43.3% (77)55.6% (5)
 Unknown19.1% (34)11.1% (1)
Maternal anesthesia.6442
 General endotracheal3.4% (6)0% (0)
 Spinal or epidural72% (126)62.5% (5)
 None24.6% (43)37.5% (3)
Maternal analgesia
 Morphine2.8% (5)0% (0).8007
 Synthetic opioid (Stadol)27.3% (48)22.2% (2).2954
 Magnesium exposure15.3% (27)11.1% (1).3734
 PPV required14.6% (26)0% (0).6150
Admission location.2757
 FTN66.9% (119)88.9% (8)
 NICU33.1% (59)11.1% (1)
 Spent time in NICU42.1% (75)22.2% (2).3114
Medications
 Antenatal steroids1.7% (3)0% (0).8617
 Surfactant1.1% (2)0% (0).9058
 Caffeine0.6% (1)0% (0).9519
 Postnatal steroids0% (0)0% (0)NS
 Furosemide1.1% (2)0% (0).9058
Respiratory support needed
 Ventilator3.4% (6)0% (0).7408
 Continuous positive airway pressure3.9% (7)0% (0).7039
 Nasal cannula4.5% (8)11.1% (1).3649
Maternal urine toxicology
 Opiates5.6% (10)22.2% (2).0473
 Marijuana10% (18)0% (0).6038
 Cocaine2.3% (4)11.1% (1).2207
Neonate urine toxicology
 Opiates3.9% (7)11.1% (1).2991
 Marijuana5.1% (9)0% (0).6351
 Cocaine2.3% (4)0% (0).8196
 Intraventricular hemorrhage2.3% (4)0% (0).8196
 Gastrostomy tube1.1% (2)11.1% (1).1318
  • GBS, group B Streptococcus; NS, not significant; PPV, positive pressure ventilation.