TABLE 4

Student report of new or worsened school problems during concussion recovery

ReportRc+Rc–PRc–, by School LevelP
ElementaryMiddleHigh
School-related problemsa
 Symptom-interfering effects
  Headaches interfering5 (10)121 (70)<.0019 (53)43 (73)69 (71).27
  Problems paying attention8 (17)106 (61)<.0018 (47)34 (58)64 (66).26
  Feeling too tired11 (23)95 (55)<.0019 (53)36 (61)50 (52).51
  Total symptom-interfering effect0.50 (0.77)1.86 (1.04)<.0011.52 (1.12)1.91 (0.97)1.89 (1.06).18
 Diminished academic skills
  Increased time spent on homework10 (21)94 (55)<.0016 (35)28 (48)60 (63).05
  Difficulty understanding material3 (6)84 (49)<.0015 (29)27 (46)53 (54).16
  Difficulty studying10 (21)75 (44)<.0013 (18)21 (36)51 (53).01
  Difficulty taking class notes4 (8)0.47 (27).0023 (18)10 (17)34 (35).03
  Total diminished academic skills0.56 (0.71)1.73 (1.32)<.0011.00 (1.17)1.46 (1.28)2.03 (1.29).05
Total reported problems1.06 (1.19)3.60 (2.01)<.0012.53 (2.09)3.37 (1.72)3.92 (2.09).03
  • Values are expressed as mean (SD) or n (%).

  • a Frequencies of symptom-interfering and diminished academic skills reported in this table refer to the number of students who endorsed ≥1 of each school related problem.