TABLE 3

Adjusted Associations Between Moisture Damage or Mold in the Child's Main Living Areas (combined) and Incidence of Asthma Stratified by Age When Asthma Was Physician-Diagnosed at First Time and by Atopy at the Age of 1 Year

Asthma EverAsthma Ever
Diagnosed First Time at Age ≤2 Years (n = 30)Diagnosed First Time at Age >2 Years (n = 34)PdChildren Without AtopyeChildren With AtopyfPh
Na (%)aORb (95% CI)Nc (%)aORb (95%CI)Ng (%)aORb (95% CI)Ng (%)aORb (95% CI)
No moisture damage and no mold (ref)710 (1.8)1727 (3.6)1967 (2.6)1383 (3.4)1
Minor moisture damage with or without mold spots246 (3.7)2.05 (0.84–5.00)239 (3.4)0.96 (0.42–2.18)295 (3.4)1.24 (0.57–2.71)182 (3.3)0.95 (0.34–2.63)
Major moisture damage or any moisture damage with visible mold135 (5.9)3.81 (1.45–10.01)**126 (0)i.001216 (1.9)0.82 (0.27–2.45)36 (11.1)9.08 (1.95–42.23)**.04
  • ** P < .01. aOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.

  • a Subjects contributed up to 3 repeated observations to this survival analysis that used the discrete-time hazard model.

  • b Models were adjusted for study cohort, farming status, gender, maternal history of allergic diseases (hay fever, atopic dermatitis, and/or asthma), smoking during pregnancy, and number of siblings.

  • c Subjects contributed up to 4 repeated observations to this survival analysis that used the discrete-time hazard model.

  • d P value for interaction term between 2 age groups.

  • e Nonatopic children were defined as every tested specific IgE <0.35 kU/L at the age of 1 year.

  • f Atopic children were defined as any specific IgE ≥0.35 kU/L at the age of 1 year.

  • g Subjects contributed up to 7 repeated observations to this survival analysis that used the discrete-time hazard model.

  • h P value for interaction term between atopic and nonatopic children.

  • i Cannot be estimated.