TABLE 3

Sugar Content of Infant and Toddler Foods and Drinks According to Product Category

Food Product CategoryNSugar, g/100 gSugar, g/RACCa% of Total Calories From Sugarb≥1 Added Sugarc≥1 Added Sugar and >35%
Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)Median>35%, n (%)n (%)n (%)
Infant
 Vegetables, stage 1d415 (4–5)3 (2–3)42 (36–48)40NAe2 (5)NA
 Dinners, soups, and vegetables, stages 2 and 3f2553 (3–4)4 (3–4)25 (22–27)2064 (25)10 (4)1 (<1)
 Fruit, stages 1–323912 (11–12)11 (10–11)71 (70–73)73NA40 (17)NA
 Cereals, dry/instant478 (6–9)1 (1–1)8 (6–10)706 (13)0
 Mixed grains and fruits, ready-to serve799 (8–9)10 (9–10)47 (44–50)5163 (80)41 (52)35 (44)
Toddler
 Dinners or meals722 (2–2)3 (3–4)9 (8–11)7023 (32)0
 Cereal bars and breakfast pastries3429 (24–33)6 (5–7)31 (27–36)2913 (38)33 (97)12 (35)
 Fruit3012 (11–13)15 (13–16)69 (65–73)69NA16 (53)NA
 Dry fruit-based snacks5660 (56–64)9 (8–10)66 (62–70)6255 (98)50 (89)49 (88)
Infant or toddler
 Savory snacks, sides346 (4–8)1 (1–1)9 (5–12)91 (3)24 (71)0
 Dry grain-based desserts8818 (17–20)3 (3–3)19 (17–20)16080 (91)0
 Dairy-based desserts4612 (9–15)12 (11–13)51 (46–55)4841 (89)32 (70)28 (61)
 Juices/drinks5111 (10–11)13 (12–14)87 (85–88)86NA45 (88)NA
Total1071g12 (11–13)7 (7–7)42 (41–44)40NA402 (37)NA
  • CI, confidence interval; NA, not applicable.

  • a The amount per RACC.

  • b Equals the total amount of sugar in calories (gram of sugar × 3.87 kcal/g) per serving divided by the total calories per serving × 100.

  • c Contains ≥1 of the following ingredients: sugar, sweetener, syrup, corn syrup, high-fructose corn syrup, honey, fructose, malt, maltose, molasses, dextrose, glucose, lactose, sucrose, turbinado, trehalose, fruit juice concentrate, and cane juice.

  • d Stage 1 foods are finely pureed solid foods meant for infants aged 4 to 6 months.

  • e IOM recommendations for Nutrition Standards for Food in Schools indicate snacks, foods, and beverages provide no more than 35% of calories from total sugars per portion as packaged. Exceptions are 100% fruits and fruit juices without added sugars, 100% vegetables and vegetable juices without added sugars, and unflavored nonfat and low-fat milk and yogurt. Food categories containing ≥2 of these products were considered not applicable.

  • f Stage 2 foods are strained junior foods meant for infants aged from 7 to 8 months and stage 3 foods are partially strained foods, with small, tender chunks meant for infants aged 9 to 12 months.

  • g Sample sizes in some of the categories do not add up to the total products with serving size information because of missing information on sugar content.