TABLE 1

Categorization of Commercial Infant and Toddler Food and Drink Products (N = 1074)

Food Product Category (Example)RACC CategoryaNRACC, gbServing Size, gc
Infant
 Vegetables, stage 1d (single vegetables [eg, pureed peas, pureed carrots])Dinners, desserts, fruits, vegetables or soups, ready-to-serve, strained type416071
 Dinners, soups, and vegetables, stages 2 and 3e (eg, vegetables, or vegetable, meat, pasta, or soup-based mixed dishes)Dinners, desserts, fruits, vegetables or soups, ready-to-serve, junior type256110113
 Fruit, stages 1–3 (pureed single or mixed fruits)Dinners, desserts, fruits, vegetables or soups, ready-to-serve, strained or junior23960 or 110f113
 Cereals, dry/instant (eg, dry rice cereal)Cereals, dry/instant471515
 Mixed grains and fruits, ready-to-serve (eg, oatmeal and fruit in a jar, ready-to-serve)Cereals, prepared, ready-to serve79110113
Toddler
 Dinners or meals (vegetable, meat,g pasta-, pizza-, or soup-based mixed dishes)Dinners, stews, or soups for toddlers, ready-to-serve73170170
 Cereal bars and breakfast pastries (eg, cereal bars, cereal and fruit bars, cakes or bread)Other cereal and grain products, dry ready-to-eat342019
 Fruit (eg, pureed fruit mixtures)Fruits for toddlers, ready-to-serve30125118
 Dry fruit–based snacks (eg, freeze-dried yogurt and/or fruit snacks, dehydrated fruit snacks)Dinners, desserts, fruits, vegetables or soups, dry mix561510
Infant or toddler
 Savory snacks, sidesh (eg, crackers, savory rice cakes, jarred mini hotdogs, toddler vegetables)Dinners, desserts, fruits, vegetables or soups, dry mix34158
 Dry grain-based desserts (eg, cookies, sweet biscuits or graham crackers, sweet rice cakes/puffs)Other cereal and grain products, dry ready-to-eat (eg, ready-to-eat cereals, cookies, teething biscuits, toasts)8877
 Dairy-based desserts (eg, yogurt with or without fruit)Dinners, desserts, fruits, vegetables or soups, ready-to-serve, junior type46110113
 Juices/drinks (eg, single or mixed fruit juices/drinks)Juices, all varieties51120118
  • N, number of products with serving size information.

  • a Corresponding US FDA’s food categories for infant and toddler foods used to set the RACC to help determine serving sizes for the Nutrition Facts labels.

  • b These values are used by the US FDA to represent the amount of the specified food consumed on average per eating occasion and “were primarily derived from the 1977–1978 and the 1987–1988 Nationwide Food Consumption Surveys conducted by the US Department of Agriculture.” See http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm?fr=101.12.

  • c The median manufacturer serving size as listed on the Nutrition Facts label of the products in the specified food category.

  • d Stage 1 foods are finely pureed solid foods meant for infants aged 4 to 6 months.

  • e Stage 2 foods are strained junior foods meant for infants aged from 7 to 8 months, and stage 3 foods are partially strained foods, with small, tender chunks meant for infants aged 9 to 12 months.

  • f The RACC varies based on whether it is a stage 1 food (60 g) or stage 2 or 3 food (110 g).

  • g Meat, poultry, or fish.

  • h Jarred mini–hot dogs and toddler vegetables were included in this category. In a separate analysis, these products were excluded.